Nº43 Henrik Ibsen

Henrik Ibsen is one of the founders of modernism in theatre as a playwright and director. Born in 1828 in Skien, Norway, Ibsen has been coined as “the father of realism” and known as one of the most influential playwrights of the time. 


Ibsen left school at 15 years old to pursue an apprenticeship as a pharmacist, it was at this time when he began writing plays. His first play was published in 1850, the tragedy Catilina, however, it was not performed. It was not until after several releases of other plays that Ibsen received recognition for his work.

Some of his most popular works include Brand, Peer Gynt, and An Enemy of the People. 


Many of his pieces follow similar themes that tie to his childhood such as financial issues and moral conflicts. Many of the characters in his plays are also named after members of his family.



Additionally, Ibsen spent several years as a theatre director at Det Norske Theatre. He was involved in the writing, directing and producing of over 145 plays during this period. He later returned to Christiania (now known as Oslo) as the creative director of the Christiania Theatre. However, in 1864 he became disappointed with his life in Norway and spent the next 27 years living in Italy and Germany.

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